Prototype Penerangan Jalan Umum dan Pengecasan Smartphone dengan Pembangkit Listrik Panel Surya dan Water Generator DC

Sidiq, Ardika Muhammad (2020) Prototype Penerangan Jalan Umum dan Pengecasan Smartphone dengan Pembangkit Listrik Panel Surya dan Water Generator DC. Tugas Akhir thesis, University of Technology Yogyakarta.

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Along with the rapid progress and development of regions in Indonesia, triggering the growth of the creation of infrastructure facilities must be adequate for sustainable regional economic activities. The quicker the infrastructure facilities, the higher electricity consumption needed. One step to save the use of electricity is to reduce the power used for lighting. 50% of the electricity load in Indonesia is lighting (Rayon Sukarami, 2015). Renewable energy needs to be increased to reduce the electricity surge. Solar Street Lights (PJU Solar Power) uses a panel that functions to receive sunlight, which is then converted into electricity through the photovoltaic process. Indonesia is a tropical country that has two seasons, namely the dry season and the rainy season; this photovoltaic process will work less optimally when it enters the rainy season. Lack of sunlight makes the photovoltaic process decrease then the expenditure of electric power for street lighting will not be proportional to charging the battery. This imbalance causes street lighting dim and even turn off. Clean water is a basic need for humans. Therefore the utilization of water needs should not be limited. The distribution of freshwater required a water pressure of about 0.3-4.5 m / sec (Zamzami et al., 2018). The strength of the water flow pressure from the PDAM can be the potential for electrical energy by using a dc water generator as a generator to supply the shortcomings of the photovoltaic process. The prototype design for public street lighting and smartphone charging with solar panel power plants and water generators uses 5-inch iron and 2.5 m height for street lighting lamps, and for waterways to reservoirs using 2-inch pipes, 13 L pipes and 2 T pipes. The assembly of each component is carried out in the control box; then, the control box is placed in the center of the mast to facilitate its operation. This tool utilizes four panels to conduct parallel photovoltaic processes. Each group has a capacity of 5-6V 220 mA 1 Wh. After the panels are arranged parallel, the results of the photovoltaic are transmitted to the battery charger module. This tool uses 2 DC F50 12V Water Generators installed in parallel to meet the needs of battery consumption. The yield of solar panels and water generators is 78.45 Watt/day. The results of the power are transmitted to the storage battery, and then the battery is used as street lighting at night and charging the smartphone. In the analysis of electrical power consumption, the need for street lighting and smartphone chargers is 75 Watt/day. From the results of measurements of the effectiveness of the power plant and the power needed for street lighting and smartphone charging, the power plant has fulfilled the power consumption needs of street lighting and smartphone charging. Keywords: Photovoltaic, DC water generator, smartphone

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi, Tugas Akhir or Kerja Praktek) (Tugas Akhir)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Fakultas Sains Dan Teknologi > S1 Teknik Elektro
Depositing User: Kaprodi Teknik Elektro
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2020 07:16
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 07:16

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